Tana ravine was of a great significance throughout Georgias history. Due to fact that the ravine was connecting central region Kartli with several important regions TrialetI and Tori, Javakheti, Tao-KlarjetI and from here to Byzantium, Iran, Armenia etc...
Due to this significance, King of the United Kingdom of Georgia Bagrat III founded the city of Ateni. City construction was entirely financed by the government, including roads, taverns, irrigation systems and other.
During reign of King David the Builder, state treasury was located in Ateni.
The region remained of significant importance until the late Middle Ages, during reign of King of Imereti Solomon I and his followers.
Although Ateni ravine gained importance due to its convenient location long before that, as the artefacts found on the territory suggest, irrigation pipes from 1st century AD, churches that date back to early medieval period, the main one of them Ateni Sioni Church, with its unique landscape architecture, murals, unique captions (including the first recorded ninth century Georgian poem and others).
That is why Tana ravine is mentioned in the 5th century Syrian source the evidence of international significance. Numerous findings from the Tana ravine are now stored in the main museums Janashia and Amiranashvili antiquity expositions. For example Murvan Tarkhuni sons inscription, Boshuri iconostasis etc.
Up to this day Ateni gorge monuments add charm and meaning to its picturesque landscape.
It is worth mentioning that traditional urban development, present in the net of villages, built from traditional materials on the slopes of mountains, is common for this place. The importance of the gorge also lies in non-material cultural heritage, customs, such as unique wine making tradition and diverse ethnographic peculiarities.